allowable Ingredient Processing Standards
Olives about to be cold pressed in Spain.
Essential Oils and Extracts:
• Steam Distillation: Essential oils are collected using steam as the extraction solvent. Plant material is permeated with steam, then, when the plant tissues begin to break down, the volatile oils and water vapors are released and can be collected and separated after they cool.
• CO2 Extraction: Essential oils are collected using supercritical (liquid) Carbon Dioxide (CO2) as the extraction solvent. CO2 exists as a gas at warm temperatures and as a solid (dry ice) below -78.5°C. Increasing the temperature and pressure of solid CO2 causes it to reach a ‘critical point’ at which it has characteristics mid-way between a gas and a liquid. Plant material is broken down in this liquid, and when the pressure is released the essential oil can be collected. Supercritical CO2 extraction is non-toxic, low temperature and it produces superior quality extracts.
• Expression/Expeller Pressed: Essential oils are processed using mechanical extraction methods. The plant material is simply pressed, and then centrifugal force is used to separate out the essential oils from the plant matter.
• Cold Pressed: Essential oils are extracted as above, but processing temperatures are controlled to ensure that they do not exceed 50°C (122°F) from seed to bottle. The product is also completely protected from light and air during processing.
Plant Oils and Butters:
• Expression/Expeller Pressed: Oils and butters are processed using mechanical extraction methods. The plant material is pressed, and then centrifugal force is used to separate out the essential oils from the plant matter.
• Cold Pressed: Oils and butters are extracted as above, but processing temperatures are controlled to ensure that they do not exceed 50°C (122°F) from seed to bottle. The product is also completely protected from light and air during processing.
• Naturally Purified: Beeswax is a product of the female worker honeybee. The wax is secreted from the female’s wax glands in small flakes. The golden color and pleasant aroma that we associate with pure beeswax is actually the combination of the wax, pollen, gum resins and propolis (composed of plant resins). Our beeswax is then melted and strained through fine mesh to reduce impurities.
• Non-Nano Zinc Oxide: Indirect French Process of Oxidization. Usually zinc ore is mined, then smelted and purified into zinc ingots which would then be oxidized. In Badger's case, recycled zinc is melted down, purified, then heated to approximately 1000°C, vaporizing the zinc. The zinc vapor oxidized when it comes in contact ambient oxygen. Zinc oxide powder precipitates out during the cooling process then is mechanically ground into the size category used by Badger. Learn more about Badger’s zinc oxide.
• Iron Oxide, Titanium Dioxide and Silica: Minerals are mined and then undergo a series of complex processes to ensure that there is no threat of heavy metal contamination. Chemicals are used in these processes; however the end product is pure, nature identical and free of chemicals, and harmful levels of heavy metals.
• Mica: Mica is mined and mechanically processed. Our mica is then coated with iron oxide or titanium dioxide to add color.
Ingredient Processing Procedures Badger Would Never Use:
• Solvent or Chemically Extracted: This is the process that produces 'cosmetic grade olive oil' which many other 'natural' personal care companies use in their products.